Showing posts from February, 2017

What happened when you surrendered to Rome, two Spanish inscriptions

Here are two interesting inscriptions, both found in Spain, that relate to the practice of surrender in the mid-Roman Republic. Although I took some guidance from Spanish translations, the translations below are my own from the Latin, as are any errors. Bibliography can be found by following the links to each inscription source.

Inscription I The first is the only surviving inscription that explicitly records a deditio in fidem populi romani ('surrender to the trust/authority of the people of Rome'). This was an unconditional surrender, that put the community completely within the power of the Roman commander, who they hoped would reconstitute themselves and their civic identity, as well as their possessions etc. This records a successful deditio that was accepted, and was set up as a local commemoration to the event. The consulships recorded at the start allow us to date the inscription to 104 BCE; the people who surrendered to Caesius are otherwise unknown and their name has…